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青岛五十九中初三十班

青岛五十九中2012级十班

 
 
 

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青岛第五十九中学 2012级十班

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英语考试重点  

2013-09-12 17:54:05|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit One  Where did you go on vacation? 复习要点

I. Words & expressions词汇与短语表达:

★★1. 复合不定代词:something, somebody, someone, anything, anybody, anyone, nothing, nobody, no one, everything, everybody, everyone  ; 复合不定副词:somewhere, anywhere, nowhere, everywhere

用法考点:

(1)它们在句中可用作主语、宾语或表语,但不能用作定语。

something, someone ,somewhere等和 anything, anyone,anywhere等的区别与 some 和 any 的区别一样,前者一般用于肯定句,后者一般用于否定句、疑问句或条件句。 No- = not any-是全部否定; every- 与not连用是部分否定。 I bought nothing because I didn’t see anything I like. 

The question is easy, but not everyone in the class can answer it.

(2). 复合不定代词受定语修饰时,定语应放在它们后面:

There is nothing special in today’s newspaper. 今天报纸上没有特别的事。

Did you meet anyone [anybody] interesting ?  你遇见什么有趣的人了吗?

(3). 复合不定代词若用作主语,其谓语动词一般用单数

Everyone knows this. 人人都知道这一点.   Anything is possible.一切皆有可能。

(4) 复合不定代词不能与of短语连用,但some / any/ any one/ every one/ none等不定代词可以

I like to read every one of the books.      None of the books is/ are interesting.

★★2. few(几乎没有,很少)+名词复数; very few(很少), a few(几个), only a few (只有少数几个),quite a few(相当多);

little(几乎没有,很少)+不可数名词;  a little (一点,一些)

He is friendly to everyone, so he has quite a few friends. 他对每个人都很友好,因此他朋友相当多。

He can speak a little Chinese, but he can write few Chinese words.  他会说一点汉语,但几乎不会写汉字。

 It started raining a little.天开始下小雨。   There was a little rain yesterday. 昨天下了一点雨。

★★3. 反身代词(oneself): myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves

I bought something for my parents, but nothing for myself. 我给父母买了点东西,但没给自己买。

4.       different (adj) :  be different from与。。。不同   →反义 the same as 与。。。相同

difference (n.)  make a difference产生差别,有影响;  A false step will make a great difference.失之毫厘谬以千里。

There are some differences between A and B在A 与B之间 / in在。。。方面有差别

 A has some differences from B.  A与 B 有些区别。

★★5. seem (vi) 好像;似乎;看来 (1)seem + adj  (2)seem + to be +adj.  (3) seem to do   (4) It seems that = 从句

The test seems (to be) easy to us. 这检测对我们似乎很容易。= It seems to us that the test is easy.

  He seems to like the food very much.他好像很喜欢这食物。= It seems that he likes the food very much.

★★6. bored 感到厌倦的,烦闷的  Cf:boring 无聊的,令人厌倦的   The movie was so boring that we all felt bored.

There was nothing to do in the evening but read. Still no one seemed to be bored.

类似用法:interesting--interested;  exciting—excited;  surprising—surprised;  relaxing—relaxed;  tiring—tired…

7.       diary     keep a diary记日记       diary entries 日记(记载)

★ 8.decide ( not to do)决定(不做)    It was rainy, so we decided to stay at home.

★ 9.  try:  (1) try to do努力做,设法做;   try one’s best(to do)尽力(做);   (2) try doing 尝试做

★ 10. wonder(v/ n.)--- wonderful (adj) wonder at / about sth 对某事惊讶/ 怀疑  wonder wh- to do / clause不知,想知道;

wonder if –clause不知是否              no wonder (that) –clause难怪

11. top.   At the top/ foot of the hill 在山顶; walk up to the top走上山顶;  see something from the top从山顶看到某物

12.wait (a long time)for sb/ sth  等候某人或某物很长时间

13.umbrella :  take an umbrella带雨伞

14. wet :反义词dry;     hungry: 反义词full

★ 15. below: 反义词 above    answer the questions below回答下面的问题    

The temperature is five below zero.气温是零下五度。     below average平均以下

★★ 16. enough(+名词复数或不可数名词):  bring enough food and money带足够的食物和金钱;

           (修饰adj或adv须后置)The boy is old enough to dress himself. 这男孩年龄够大可以自己穿衣服了。

 

II. 单元词组归纳复习:

1.       stay at home (to relax) 呆在家里(放松)

2.        go to New York City/ Central Park/summer camp/ the mountain/ the countryside/ the museum去纽约城中央公园夏令营爬山乡下博物馆

3.        go somewhere interesting/ relaxing到某个有趣的地方、令人放松的某个地方

4.        visit my uncle/ museums/ the Palace Museum/ somewhere interesting/ someone important看望拜访(某人);游览某地

5.       buy something special 买些特别的东西;  do something fun做点有趣的事

6.       study for a test准备检测;为考试而学习

7.       take photos拍照

8.       quite a few相当多 = many

9.       most of the time大部分时间;  many of the old buildings其中的许多古老建筑

10.     have a good time (+doing sth)(可替换形容词:nice/ great/ wonderful…) (+做某事)玩得开心,玩得高兴,过得愉快

= have fun = enjoy oneself

11.   buy sb. sth= buy sth for sb.给某人买某物

12.   my first time 我第一次

13.   of course 当然 = certainly = sure

14.   in the countryside在农村, 在乡下;    in the city在城市;    in the village在村庄   in town在城里,在镇上

in the shopping center 在购物中心

15.   seem to be bored (某人)好像很厌倦

16.   keep a diary 记日记                  travel diary 旅游日记

17.   arrive in +大地方(城市、国家等)/ at+小地方(家、校、村、车站、机场等)      到达

18.   decide (not)to do  决定(不)做

19.   try paragliding尝试滑翔伞           try to learn English well 努力学好英语

20.   enjoy walking around the town喜欢逛这个城镇       keep doing继续做, 坚持做

21.   feel like (doing)感觉像;想要;     比较:would like to do

22.   walk up to the top走上山顶;   ride a bike (to sp)骑自行车(到某地);  take the train (to sp)乘坐火车(到某地)

23.   make a difference 有差别, 有影响, 有作用    make no difference没有差别, 没有影响, 没有作用

24.   start raining开始下雨= start to rain;       rain hard下大雨= rain heavily  

25.   over an hour一个多小时= more than an hour;   another two hours = two more hours又两个小时;  

two hours later两小时后;   (比较:after two hours)

26.   ★ because of  由于,因为 (+ 名词或名词性短语,  如:the bad weather/ the heavy rain/ one’s illness/ being ill…)

比较:because +从句, 如:The weather was bad/ it was raining heavily/ sb. was ill…

27.   can’t see anything below 看不见下面的东西

28.   bring enough money带足够的钱         The book is easy enough for us to read. = The book is so easy that we can read it.

29.   a bowl of rice 一碗米饭 (注意不可数名词数量的表示法)

30.   taste great/ good/ delicious/terrible 味道很好/糟糕 

31.   the next day第二天       in the past 在以前,在过去    forget about the past five hours忘记刚过去的五个小时的事

32.   along the way一路上, 沿途        on the way ( to sp.) 在(去某地的) 路上       by the way 顺便问,顺便说

33.   on vacation 在度假;    on the school trip在学校旅游途中

34.   find out查明,弄清楚

35.   tell sb to do叫某人做某事

36.   go on继续

37.   jump up and down in excitement兴奋地跳上跳下

 

III. Key sentences重点句子

1. Where did you go on vacation? 你去哪儿度假的?        ---I went to …

 Did you go anywhere interesting?你去有趣的地方了吗?   ---Yes, I went to …

2. What did you do on your vacation? 你度假干什么了?     ---- I visited…

Did you buy anything special? 你买了有特色的东西了吗?  ---No, I bought nothing.

Did you go out with anyone? 你跟某个人一起出去的吗? --- No. No one was here. Everyone was on vacation. 没人在这,每个人都度假去了。

3. I bought something for my father, but nothing for myself.我给我爸爸买了些东西, 但没给自己买。
4. I just stayed at home most of the time to read and relax.大多数时间我只是待在家里看书和放松。
5. Everything was excellent.一切都很棒。
6. Long time no see.好久不见。
7. How did you like it? 你觉得它怎么样?= How did you feel about it? = What did you think of it?
8. There was nothing to do but read in the evening. 晚上除了看书没有很多事情做。

Still no one seemed to be bored.虽然如此但似乎没有人感到无聊。

9.I arrived in Penang in Malaysia this morning with my family.今天早晨我和家人到达马来西亚的槟城。
10. For lunch, we had something very special.午饭我们吃了很特别的东西。
11. My father and I decided to go to Penang Hill today.今天我和爸爸决定去槟城山。
12. I felt like I was a bird.我感觉我像一只鸟。
13. …but many of the old buildings are still there.…但是许多旧的建筑还在那里。

14. I wonder what life was like here in the past.我纳闷这儿的生活过去是什么样。

15. We waited over an hour for the train because there were too many people.因为人太多,我们等火车等了一个多小时。

16. We didn’t have an umbrella so we were wet and cold.由于没有雨伞,因此我们又湿又冷。

17. And because of the bad weather, we couldn’t see anything below.并且因为糟糕的天气,我们看不见下面的任何东西。

18. Then we walked for another two hours before we got to the top我们又走了两个小时才到达山顶。

19. The city looked wonderful from the top of the hill. 从山顶看这个城市非常精彩。

20. My legs were so tired that I wanted to stop. 我的腿很累以至于我想停下来。

It was so beautiful that we forgot about the past five hours.它非常美以至于我们忘了刚刚过去的五个小时了。

句型: so ( + adj /adv ) that (+从句)   如此。。。以至于。。。

IV. Language goal语言目标: (1)Talk about the past holidays and vacations谈论过去假日的事情(注意动词的过去式)

(2)Write travel diary entries会写旅游日记(仿照2b P5, 2e p6, 3a P7)

(3)Use the compound prons or adv. 会用复合不定代词或副词

语法归纳   一般过去时
1. 概念:  表示过去发生的动作,常与过去的时间状语连用。例如:yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week/ month/year/ Sunday/ night,  two years ago;  just now刚才,  the other day前几天,  in 2008等。
2. 谓语构成:(1)was/were    (2)动词的过去式
3. 句式     (1)肯定句  主+ 动词的过去式……  例句: I was busy yesterday.    I did the cleaning an hour ago.
(2) 否定句       主+wasn’t/weren’t… ;  主+didn’t +动词原形            

例句: They were not here last month.        They didn’t see the movie last year.    
(3) 一般疑问句             Was/Were+主…?                        Did+主+动词原形…?

回答:    Yes, 主+was/were./ No, 主+wasn’t/weren’t     Yes, 主+did./ No, 主+didn’t. 
例如:He went to the zoo yesterday.昨天他去了动物园。 否定句:He didn’t go to the zoo yesterday.
一般疑问句:Did he go to the zoo yesterday?  肯定回答:Yes, he did.  否定回答:No, he didn’t.
Mary was born in Beijing. 玛丽在北京出生。   否定句:Mary wasn’t born in Beijing.
一般疑问句:Was Mary born in Beijing?    肯定回答:Yes, she was.   否定回答:No, she wasn’t.
(4)特殊疑问句由“疑问词+一般疑问句”构成,例如:
The food was delicious.--→ How was the food ?  
He studied English for 9 years. -→ How long did he study English?
He started learning English in 2002. -→ When did he start learning English?

补充练习:

(一)用所给词的正确形式填空: 
It was sunny and hot all day on Monday. We ________ (go) to a beautiful beach. We _________(have) great fun _________ (play) in the water. In the afternoon, we _______ (go) __________(shop), but the shops __________(be) crowded,so we didn’t ________ (enjoy) it. On Tuesday, we _______(go) to a museum. I _______ (find) a boy __________(cry) in the corner. He _____ (be) lost and I _______ (help) him _________(find) his father. This _________(make ) me__________(feel) happy. I didn’t _______ (have) money for a taxi, so I _______ (walk) back to the hotel. On Wednesday, the weather ____________(be) cool, so we decided __________(play) tennis. It ______ (be) really fun.

(二)变换同义句:

1.       I didn’t buy anything for my father.   = I __________ __________ for my ___________.

2.       I haven’t see you for a long time.    = __________ __________ _________ see.

3.       There are many people playing in the park on Saturdays and Sundays. = There are _______ _______ ________ people playing in the park __________ ___________.

4.       It seemed that nobody liked the movie. = ________ _________ seemed _________ ___________ the movie.

5.       They went to the beach on their bicycles. = They __________ their ___________ _________ the beach.

6.       We didn’t have an umbrella so we were wet. = We were wet ___________ we didn’t have an umbrella.

7.       The taste of the food was great. = The food __________ __________.

8.       Walking around the town was enjoyable. = I ___________ __________ around the town.

9.       They could see nothing below because the weather was bad. = _______ _______ the bad weather ,they couldn’t see _______ below.

10.   She is too young to dress herself. = She isn’t _________ ________ to dress herself. = She is ________ young _______ she can’t dress herself.

11.   There was heavy rain yesterday. = It __________ ________ yesterday. = It was very _________ yesterday.

12.   We studied for two more hours after school.  = We studied for _________ _________ hours.

13.   Everyone was excited to jump up and down. = Everyone _________ up and down __________ excitement.

14.   He read none of the books. = I _________ _________ any of the books.

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